Standards and interoperability

engAGE will use a variety of solutions for monitoring elders’ daily life activities. The selection of the communication protocol and content standard covering all layers of the ISO/OSI reference model is critical.

The monitoring infrastructure will focus on wireless retrofittable technology (i.e. ZigBee) and Bluetooth for sensors (Fitness trackers, smart scales, beacons, etc.). The data is acquired for IoT sensors and received by a gateway device such as a smartphone using IEEE 802.15.1 for Bluetooth communication and forwarded over a wide-area connection (IEEE 802.11x) to a cloud database using HL7 (Health Level Seven) messages.

For integrating and storing the monitored data in the cloud database the ISO/IEC 18021 standard (Information technology - User interfaces for mobile tools for management of database communications in a client-server model) will be used. The IEEE Big Data Metadata Standards & Mobile Health Platform ongoing work will be considered for managing data integration cross services.

For clinical knowledge modelling the ISO 13119 (Health informatics - Clinical knowledge resources) standard may be used, while for representing the MCI knowledge modelling ISO/DIS 25552 (Ageing societies — Framework for dementia-inclusive communities) standard will be of interest.

During development, we will enhance the social robot considering the ISO 13482:2014 Robots and robotic devices — Safety requirements for personal care robots standard.

Also, the engAGE solution will comply with well-known European and International standards such as HL7 Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR).

engAGE implementation will follow the ISO/IEC 25051 (Software product Quality Requirements and Evaluation) standard aiming at providing a high degree of quality for the system software implementation. A particularly important aspect is related to the reliability and security of engAGE services and the health of the persons involved in product and service testing.

All IoT devices will conform to the EU Electromagnetic Compatibility directive (89/336/EEC) about their compatibility, electromagnetic emissions, and interferences.

The consortium adheres to data processing and interchange standards, and a system will be developed that can easily exchange data with 3rd-party systems. XML/JSON standard will be used to facilitate data exchange. Furthermore, the consortium will consider any new interoperability standards that might be defined during the project, to support the end-user in exchanging data.

engAGE will also be a contributor with knowledge and experience to the international AAL standardization process. Based on the standardization competencies of the consortium, we will identify relevant standardization bodies, standards, and standardization processes, and then select the standards that best fit the needs of the project. Existing contacts, memberships, etc. within the consortium will be exploited to implement relevant standards rapidly.